Regional Center

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Regional Centre, DPR, Bhubaneswar

About Centre   

Realizing the slow development of poultry production in Eastern and North-Eastern parts of India, the Regional Center of Central Avian Research Institute (presently under ICAR-Directotrate of Poultry Research, (DPR) from 23 July, 2020) was established by the ICAR to initiate research on various aspects of poultry, particularly duck production, which are of direct relevance to this region. The regional Centre has Avian Genetics and Breeding, Avian Production Management, Avian Nutrition and phyology, Extension, Avian Medicine sections. In addition, the Centre has Hatchery, Experimental farms and Feed Technology unit, marketing section etc. Duck is the priority area of research. Supply of duckling and eggs are the prime revenue generating commodity for the centre. This centre transferred from administrative control of CARI to DPR as per the ICAR order dated 23rd July 2020.

History and Development

Regional Centre had taken birth on 26th July, 1992 at Choudwar of Cuttack district of Orissa. Here, the activities of the centre started initially in a rented house. Extension works on popularization of backyard poultry was initiated from there when the rural farmers of Orissa were quite ignorant of the production practices and the benefits of it. In October, 1998 the centre was shifted to Bhubaneswar and had started functioning in a rented house at Baramunda. Research activities to certain extent were carried out by keeping few experimental birds in one of the deserted-shed of Central Poultry Development Organization, Bhubaneswar. The foundation stone for the present office- cum- laboratory building was laid by Hon'ble Chief Minister of Orissa, Sri. Naveen Pattanaik on 21st June, 2000 in the presence of Hon'bleDr.DebendraPradhan, Minister of State for Agriculture, Govt. of India and Dr. R. S. Paroda, Secretary DARE & DG ICAR. The Centre’s office was finally shifted to its own new campus on 6th October, 2003, which was inaugurated by Dr.Mangala Rai, Secretary DARE & DG ICAR. Subsequently, the brooder shed, duck shed, experimental hatchery and feed plant came up. The present campus is situated on a land of 62 acres (31 acres for each) shared by both the ICAR institutes i.e. Directorate of Research for Women in Agriculture (DRWA) and Regional Centre, C.A.R.I.. The original land was a part of O.U.A.T. and was subsequently transferred to ICAR for establishment of these two institutes. This is a place, which is well connected by road, rail and air to all parts of the country.

Location and Climate

The Regional Centre, DPR is located in the heart of the capital city, Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar is otherwise called as the city of temples . It is located in front of Kalinga Studio, which is 1km away from the N.H. 5 and shares a common campus with DRWA. The campus is adjacent to the famous Chandaka elephant sanctuary and 3km away from important tourist destination called Khandagiri and Udayagiri.

Contact Address

Dr. C.K. Beura, Principal Scientist

Incharge, Regional Centre, ICAR-DPR RC

Infront of Kalinga Studio, Khandagiri Road

PO-Baramunda, Bhubaneswar - 751 003 (Odisha)

Ph: +91- 674-2386251/ 2386870  Fax:+91-674-2386750

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Mandate

Establishments

The Regional Centre has presently administrative-cum lab- building (with 11 rooms), two duck sheds, a brooder house, a hatchery, a feed processing unit, a store room; an experimental shed, an  experimental pond , one pump house; two transformers, a jeep  and a tractor. The laboratories are equipped for lab work.The various facilities developed at the center in chronological order is as follows-

 S.NoYearInfrastructure Developed
12003        Administrative building- cum- laboratories (4 labs.)
22004       Experimental hatchery.
32005  Old duck shed
42005       Brooder -cum- grower shed
52006       New duck shed
62007     Feed plant
72007     Tractor
82009    Renovation of one old dairy shed for commercial chicken.
92012Three new duck sheds
102016Vertical extension of administrative –cum-laboratory building (in progress)
112017   Renovation of experimental hatchery initiated

Salient Achievements

Performance evaluation of native, exotic and crossbred ducks :

CARI Debendra performance: Nutrition and Feed Technology 
Nutrient requirements of ducks. Utilization of cassava(Manihot esculent crantz) Identification and utilization of available feed resources for backyard poultry rearing

Duck Reproduction

Disease Management

Appropriate health coverage provided brought down the average annual mortality of ducks to 9.34 %. Month- wise highest mortality was found in April (38.74%) and lowest in March (0.39%). Major cause of mortality was due to enteritis (19.83%) followed by predation (17.93%), debility (14.94%), septicemia (14.13%), inanition (11.27%), pneumonia (4.75%), lesion obscured  (3.8%), hepatitis  (2.71%), egg bound (1.90%), blindness (1.76%) stampede  (1.49%) and cannibalism (1.22%).
 

Haematolohy of Ducks: The normal values of different parameters of ducks of three different breeds have been estimated. The estimated values of Hb in desi, Khaki and White Pekin were 10.05, 9.29,10.50; PCV 37.22, 34.20, 37.00; RBC 4.95,6.98,4.88; WBC12711.40, 13349.00, 16956.50; ESR (1hr) 4.14, 4.15, 2.18; ESR (2hr) 8.31, 7.57, 4.81 which revealed that there was not much variation in Hb, PCV, RBC but WBC, ESR, and bleeding time varied in these breeds of ducks. Differential count of lymphocyte, neutrophil showed variation among these breeds of ducks. However there was not much variation in other parameters.
 

Isolation and Identification of Bacteria: A total of 15 samples of fecal and internal organs like kidney, liver was screened. Proteus mirabilis, Salmonella pullorum  and E. coli  were detected by microscopical, cultural, biochemical   and molecular characterization (sequencing). 
 

Antibiogram of Isolates of Proteus  Mirabilis  : Proteus  mirabilis was highly sensitive to ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, enrofloxacin, medium sensitive to chloramphenicol, kanamycin and streptomycin but was resistant to cloxacillin and doxycillin. Pathogenicity test revealed 12.33%
 

Seroprevalence of Duck Salmonellosis:  A total of 188 sera  samples  of duck were screened by slide agglutination test against Salmonella antigen ( Salmonella pullorum) out of which 12 samples(6.4%) were found  positive.

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Last Updated on Saturday, 05 December 2020 16:44